Can You Make Espresso At Home?– DIY Tricks
How many ounces in an espresso shot? That's a natural 1oz and 2oz. However, do you know what the variables behind the serving size of an espresso shot are? I guess this will be your first time to understand ‘control and measurements’ and why are they essential to pull an espresso shot. So, read on!
What is a Shot of Espresso?
Espresso is a concentrated flavor type of coffee drink that has a bolder and creamier taste. Brewing espresso starts by supplying high-pressurized hot water through finely-ground coffee beans. A well-pulled extraction of the espresso is called the ‘shots.’
Crema is the smooth froth, golden brown color on the top layer of an espresso shot. When hot water and the ground coffee oils emulsify, it creates a lot of tiny bubbles that make up the foamy layer, which we called ‘crema.’ The crema adds flavor and alluring aroma to espresso.
So, how many ounces in espresso shot? It depends on what you are expecting to yield. A single-shot of the espresso is equivalent to 1oz cup, and a double-shot espresso is a 2oz cup.
Control and measurements are needed to achieve the perfect pull of espresso. It is crucial to measure all the variables required for espresso to prevent a poor and burnt taste.
Grind – the coffee beans need to be extremely fine-ground. Getting the right consistency of ground coffee is done by pinching the grounds with your thumb and index finger. It should be extra thick like a powder; however, if loose grounds remains in your fingers, that means you need to grind them more.
Tamp – you need to compress the finely ground coffee in the portafilter. Compacting the ground coffee restricts the flow of water. When the hot water flows through the compacted ground coffee, it will soak up all the flavors without any loose and gritty grains. That’s why it is necessary to tamp down your ground coffee properly.
– the brewing ratio for espresso is 1:2 ratio, meaning to say if you add a 20g of ground coffee to your portafilter, you should aim around 40g of brewed espresso.
A Closer Look: Water Temperature and Pressure
Let’s have a closer look at espresso’s secret ingredient. The variables that force the finely ground coffee to create a flavorful espresso.
Water – it depends on how strong or thick you enjoy your espresso. The proper dose of water for a shot of espresso is 1oz. A mild espresso contains 1.75oz of water plus the recommended dose of ground coffee for a single or double shot.
Temperature – the proper temperature for water is between 195 to 205 Fahrenheit. The water temperature for producing steam is 212 Fahrenheit.
Pressure – once you have tamped down the ground coffee, it is now ready to connect with your espresso machine. The espresso machine will control the strength of the water that passes through the grounds from your portafilter. The pressure ranges between 8 to 10 bars; these are the levels use for extracting espresso.
The brewing time to create an espresso shot should be around 25 to 30 seconds. If you push outside this range, the espresso will be under-extracted or over-extracted.
Now that we have measured the variables used for creating espresso, it’s time to brew your coffee.
Steps To Brew Espresso
Here are the steps to brew espresso:
- Fill the espresso machine’s water tank with water. Be sure to match the water’s volume with the ‘Water’ explanation from the above ‘Espresso Measurements’ section.
- Turn on and heat-up the espresso machine until the desired temperature of the water has reached. It usually takes 15-30 minutes to fully heat-up your water.
- Distribute your ground coffee throughout the basket before tamping.
- You can use a tamper to compact the ground coffee in the portafilter firmly. Be sure to level out the grounds while keeping your elbow, wrist, and arm on 90 degrees angle position to avoid strains.
- Once you have correctly tamped your ground coffee across the basket, you can now place the portafilter into the group head. Be sure to lock the basket to prevent dislodging the coffee puck.
- You can now start the brew by using a pre-infusion setting or engaging the pump of your espresso machine.
- Stop the pump before the extraction reaches your desired yield. A few drops of espresso will be visible, so be sure to keep your cup in the coffee spout.
- Stir and sip your homemade espresso.
- Remember to flush the group head to rinse the debris and wipe the coffee oils from the basket.
There are two available serving size for an espresso shot
A single shot of espresso uses 7g of finely ground coffee beans and yields about 30ml, which is equivalent to 1oz of espresso.
A double shot of espresso uses 14g of fine-ground coffee and produces around 60ml of espresso, which is equivalent to 2oz espresso shot. The taste of a double shot espresso will not get lost by a 12oz or 16oz coffee filled with steamed milk and other add-ons.
Hopefully, I've cleared up any question about 'how many ounces in espresso shot.' If you are a barista or coffee business owner, you are now guided on what the measurements needed to brew espresso. You should also take into account the 'water pressure and temperature' before brewing an espresso.